Braila county is placed in the east of Romania on the shore of the Danube. Part of Wallachia it is harbour to Danube and an important economic center of Romania.
Maria Filotti Theater - Braila
„Maria Filotti“ Theatre in Braila is a prestigious Romanian institution with a tradition of over 150 years, with 50 of permanent activity. The building was built around the year 1850 and is today an architectural monument, part of the national cultural heritage. The first ever reference to a theatrical event in Braila is noted by local newspaper „Mercur“ in 1840. Following this date there will be numerous performances of acting troupes such as those of Costache Halepliu, Mihail Pascaly, Fani Tardini, Costache si Iorgu Caragiale, Theodor Theodorini, Alexandru Davilla, Aristizza Romanescu, Matei Millo, Constantin Tănase. Throughout the whole XIXth century great personalities of European art performed for the public in Braila: Adelina Patti, Bianca Bianchini, Sarah Bernhardt, Ernesto Rossi, Şaliapin, George Enescu.
Built around the year 1850, Rally Theatre meant theatre, hotel, club, restaurant, cinema hall, summer arena and Swiss Café. Rally Theatre was inaugurated on 11 December 1895 and hosted numerous acting troupes from the country and from abroad. It is here that Hariclea Darclée had her debut in 1881 and Maria Filotti hers in 1905. Rally Theatre would be given to the city of Braila by its owner, Dumitru Ionescu, former mayor of Braila, stating in his will, dated 1910, that: „To those who will use that which I gave them through this will, I strongly recommend the love for justice and truth and above all love for hard and honest work, it was this way alone I myself got satisfaction from my life. Mercy for those misfortunate and love for your religion and your people.”
It was here, that Braila-Galati Theatre opened on 15 April 1949. The first production to be presented to the public was „La Ilie Bun şi Vesel“ by Ion Damian, directed by Victor Bumbesti. Starting from 1954 the theatre was called Braila Theatre and from 1969 it was given the name of the famous actress Maria Filotti.
Maria Filotti, one of the best appreciated Romanian actresses of the XX-th century, was born on 4 October 1883 in Batogu village in Braila. She attended drama classes at The Music and Drama Conservatory under the direction of Aristizza Romanescu. „I am never happy with myself“ - these are the words that she placed at the base of a brilliant acting career, a stunning actress of incredible talent, intelligence and devotion. She starred in 167 plays, in 45 having leading parts. Her creations of 'Hedda Gabler' by Henrik Ibsen, 'The Perfect Husband' by Oscar Wilde, 'Anna Karenina' by Tolstoy or „A Stormy Night“ by Caragiale remained in the gallery of memorable roles of Romanian theatre. She was a member of honour of The National Theatre in Bucharest and for thirty years, a teacher at The Drama Conservatory.
Sometimes because of ways used to transport the gunpowder, the caves became in recent years a reason for the collapse of the houses in the city.The Braila’s caves are mostly like a legend because nobody can visit. Many legends appear that there stayed anti - communists fighters, spies etc. False. In 1995 the authorities decided that the caves must be closed. There existed some cases of subsidence in the city and then a commission from the geological Institute of the Academy made a research project and some geological soundings. Plenty of caves were found which were split into „humid caves“, „dry caves“ and „caves with water“ on different levels.
This was the situation in 1995 and after that, the caves were closed with some exceptions. In 2008 still existed just some of them which were the military caves before 1828, the year when the Turks pulled back from Braila. It coincides with the last fortification, the citadell - today the northern area in the Central Park - to the last defence wall - the Cuza Boulevard today where were the ninth bastions and the artillery platforms for the cannons.
It`s obvious that after 1830 these galleries collapsed but one of them resisted because it was lined with bricks. Segments from this cave was preserved on the Panait Istrati Bulevard, on the Emperor Trajan street and in other areas from the city, but on private fields too where it is hard to made a rehabilitation and visiting program for the public.