In these article will talk about June traditions in Romania. During this month we have various religious and agricultural traditions, well known all over the country.
Children Day, called The International Day of Children it is celebrated in the first day of summer: June 1-st
It is the day when we understand that the interest for childrens have to be on the first plan because all childrens need care and attention.
The International Day of Children were mentioned first time at the world conference for protecting children from Geneva augist 1925
We don`t know why was choosen June 1-st as the International Day of childrens, but exists a theory according to the Chinese Consuil from San Francisci put together a number of chinese orfans to celebrate Dragons Festival in June 1-st who coincide with Geneve Conference.
In this way was choosen to be the Childrens Day especially in the socialist countrie. IN the occident is celebrated in other days of the year bu is not appreciated to much.
On June 8-th the ortodox are celebrating Rusaliile or The Descent of the Holly Ghost.
It is one of the most important christian celebrations and it is celebrated allways Sunday at 50 days after Easter. It is also the celebration of foundation of the Christian Church.
Of Rusalii, The Holly Ghost descent over the Apostols. In the same day were converting to christianity amost 3000 peoples which made the first cristhian community from Jerusalem.
In the romanian folklore this celebration is called Ielele, Paraidele, Soimanele sau Zanele. Is says that, comparing the other enchanted creatures, Ielele are walking on Earth only on Rusalii Week.
A well known custom in Wallaquia is the Hora Ielelor a dance. Ielele are fantastic creatures which are living in the air, mountains, caves or forests. IN the night into the moonlight, Rusaliile are bathing naked in the springs and dancing Hora Ielelor. This is a magic dance, riched in symbols which coud not be understand by people, a terryfing ritual.
As a replica of their dance is Jocul Calusarilor a ritualic dancewhich came from the jumping over the fire. This dance is made to escape the curse of Iele. This dance is the cure for a soul who looked to the Hora Ielelor.
Another tradition met in some villages from Cluj area ( n-v of Transylvania) is “decorating the Ox” The tradition is developing on the streets of the village. This ox is leaded to the church to be sanctified by the priest. At the end it is eliberated and became the property of a maiden and the people have a party with red wine.
.In this day the people are wearing wormwood at their breast to be protected by Iele.
At 40 days after the Holly Easter it is celebrating thea Ascention Feast, known by the peope as Ispas.
By the decisions of the Holly Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church from 1999 and 2001 this celebration became also the Heroes Day and National Religious Celebration.
Tradition says that the day of Ispas it is also called “The Easter Horses” because it is believed that only this day and only for one hour the horses are snatched because this was the curse from Mother of Lord.
Also the expression “La Pastele Cailor” ( At The Easter Horses) it means that something expected, will never happened.
The traditions from this day have a magical, special significance.
In some regions, are celebrated “Mosii de Ispas”. Each believer is prepared to decorate his house and the graves of the ancestors with horn branches .
Are making charity for the souls of the deads and given for charity to the people, fresh bred, cheese, onion and brandy.
This day also marks the cattle. Households hit their cattle with lovage to get fat. Cut the tip of the tails of the cattle and bury themselves in an ant: "Let God be so many lambs and calves as the ants are in this ant!"
In Wallachia, walnuts are worn on the waist, because Christ also set it up when it was raised.
The elderly in the villages believe today that whoever dies on the day of Ispas arrives directly in the heavens.
In Oltenia, it is not good to fire and jump out of the house. It is said that if you set fire you will have the bad heart and salt all year long because the cows will not have the cream. Who sowed sees after Ispas will not grow up.
Every year on the religious day, on June 24, Sânzienele is celebrated.
In popular belief, the Sânzienele were considered to be very beautiful women, true priestesses of the sun, nocturnal divinities hidden in dark forests, not human. According to the elders, Sânzienele floated in the air or walked on the earth on the night of June 23-24.
They can thunder the storms and the storms, they can bring the hail and leave the field without fruit.
Sânzienele marks the middle of the summer, they are also known as the cue. It is said that if the cuckoon ceases to sing before Sânziene, summer will be drought.
People girded with chicory strains on their girdles to be healthy all year. In order to have beautiful hair and to be pleasant to the virgins, the girls washed their heads this day with the big grass.
Every year, on June 29, Christians go to the church and honor the day of the Apostles Peter and Paul.
It's a deeply resonant spiritual feast in the souls of men. Christians honor the two Apostles who worshiped their life preaching the gospel of Christ. Moreover, St. Peter and St. Paul sealed the Evenghelia with their own blood for Christ and His Church.
It is said that they are on the Moon, one on the right and one on the left.
Keepher of the keys of the Lord's kingdom is St. Peter, the right hand of the Lord is also considered. The elders tell us that St. Peter is the one who is patrolling hail, agrarian works and plows. Sân-Petru, as it is said in some areas, is the one to whom the believers are praying when there is drought or floods. Superstition says that St. Peter is crawling from the whips of the sparks, which turn into fireflies, and they are blasphemed by the saint to show the way of those lost in the woods.
According to the tradition of this day, the cuckoo and the nightgown cease to sing. If tuna or lightning walnuts and nuts will not have a core or will be wormwood. The jerked people wash the water at midnight, so that they do not multiply their freckles. It is not good to eat apples before the day of the Holy Apostles. Believers give the pomp for relatives in the past.