We are continouing our series about romanian traditions in the month of march with another traditions which are taking place in this month. Following our series you will observ that almost in every month we have something to celebrate, even it is a saint or a religious celebrations every month has something to do to our customs and traditions.
The day of the 40 martyrs is celebrating in the Orthodox Church on March 9-th
The 40 martyrs were tortured and killed by the roman emperor Licinius. Those ones were beated about 8 days and then, sentenced to death by being frozen in the Sevastia Lake. In that night were happened many miracals. The water lake became warm, the ice was melted and 40 shiny garlands came over the heads of the martyrs. Seeing all the miracles, the emperos ordered to be left on the field to die and crushed their feet bones.
In this day in all the communities was many traditions among the one of going with the plough to the field. All the ploughs from the village were going on the field where, the priest was doing a service for a good ploughing year. After this ritual, the ploughers were going on the field and taking a symbolic furrow and then were eating and feeding their oxes.
The people believe that is raining in this day, will rain on the Easter too, and if are thunders, the summer will be full of joy and good for all the crops. If is frozen in the night before this day, the fall will be long.
In this day, the women are baking 40 figures from dough called “little saints” or “martyrs”. Those are made from dough and have the shape of an 8 which represents the 8 days of torture. After baking them they are brushed with honey and sprinkled with nuts and are give for free for the soul of the deads.
Another tradition, says that the males have to drink 40 glasses of wine or brandy and will be healthy all year long and have power for work. The wine is symbolising the blood spilled by the 40 martyrs. If we sow something in thise day will harvest 40 times more, and if this day is not respected will have 40 days of ealness.
The martyrs are called “forefathers” because are coming at 9 days after the old womens. If the old womens are bad and are coming with the snow, the forefathers are good.
Also this day it is called “The day without a name” . The ones without a saint name can celebrate himself in this day.
The Old Women
The tradition says that the old women are known as witches which have the power to influence the weather in a day from this period.
The old women are leaded by “Baba Dochia” which give up every day to a sheepskin which is take by his sisters named after the days of the week : Lunica, Martica,Marcuriana,Joita, Virita, Sitita, si Domnica.
In those days the people are choosing their “baba” and according to the weather from that day will be the rest of their year ( a sunny day a good year, a stormy/rainy day a not so good year, a day with rain at the beginning and the sun, an accordingly year)
To choose your “baba” you have to calculate according to your birthday. For exemple: if you are born in a day of 12 , you baba will be on the day of March 3 because 12 is splitted in 1+2=3 If you are born in 29 your baba will be March 2-nd because 2+9=11 and 1+1=2
March 8 International day of women:
Is the day when we are celebrating the women as a symbol of life, purity, love and the spiritual beauty. IN this day the women in the center of the mans world, the mans offering the woman they love, flowers and small gifts.