Posted on 2017-03-04 Category History
Transylvania is a multicultural area. From some points of view I can say that it is like Europe. Coming in this region of Romania called Transylvania, which is the womb of our nation and our language, is like you came to visit Europe. To be short I will explain you why Transylvania is a mini Europe.
The resons to consider Transylvania a minieurope are the next ones:
All the main language families of Europe are here : latins, germans, hungarians.
All the main religions of Europe are here : orthodox , catholic, protestant
All the main architectural styles of Europe are here : romanic, gothic, baroque.
ALL THE MAIN LANGUAGE FAMILIES OF EUROPE ARE HERE; LATINS, GERMANS HUNGARIANS.
At the begining of time, this land it was covered by forests and hills and at the edge surendered by mountains from the Carpathian chain. The time passing by and the first indo-european nations came here more then 40.000 years ago. In the first age of iron , like 3000 BC in this area was raised a mighty civilization : The Thracians. They was spread from Romania to the borders of Greece and one of the tribes was lived on the teritory of Romania so, also, in Transylvania.
Because this tribe was called Daci ( dacians ) their country ( Romania from today ) was called Dacia. They developed here a high civilization with advanced knowledges in mathematics, astronomy, medicine, arquitecture aso. The western half of their country ( actual Romania ) was conquered by the romans after two wars ( 101-102 ; 105-106 AC ) which brought roman colonists which receive land here, was mixed up with the dacians and between the 4-6 century appeared a new nation and a new language : romanians and the romanian language which, as you understand already, is a latin language because after 165 years of roman dominance here' the dacians was latinized by the romans. That was very easy because the fact that the vulgar latin, the basic latin spoked by the roman soldiers and the roman colonists and the language of the dacians it was very similar. The question is why it was similar ? How it was possible ?
Very simple. The Dacians was part from a larger nation of the Thracians spread in the entire area of the Balkans to the border with Greece and Turkey. Their south wing was participate to the Trojan war. After the war, they was going by their boats to Italy where they was combined with the indigens having an important role on the formations of the latin language.
The dacian romans as we called them continue to live here after the retreat of the roman army from Dacia on the south of the Danube starting with the year 271 AC when starts the period of migrations of the nations from the east to Occident to conquer the Roman Empire. I am talking here about Osthrogots, Visighots, Pecenegs, Cumans, Slavs, Huns, Magyars aso. Those, migrators, were called incorrect "barbarians", because for the romans, barbarian was called any nation which was'n't part from the roman culture, but because those migrators was warriors and brutals and cruels the word barbarian became similar with a violent behaviour.
Because of this behavior, the romanians, which was a nation of agricultors and shepards, can't resist in front of those migrators and was refugeed on the top of the mountains. In those conditions, was'n't capable to create and preserve an archive with written documents , even that, the first writing in the world was discovered in Transylvania on the valley of the river Mures, at the Tartaria village and have 3000 years before the one from Sumer, which everybody knows it is considered the first writing in the world. Our is older with 3000 years because the population from here migrated to Sumer and is not only a supposition but a cerain fact based on the idea that the legends of the sumerians are talking about mountains and animals typpical for our area and their calendar it was built on the latitude and longitude from here.
Coming back from our lesson, the only proofs that the romanians lived here ,in Transylvania, after the retreat of the roman army and administration only, are the arheological discoveries.
When around the year 994 - 995 the principe of the hungarians Vayk is baptised in the catholic religion he bacame Stephen, the first king of the hungarians. He was the nephew of a transylvanian nobile. Then, between the year 990 and 1210 the hungarians started to talk about and then to conquer, what they was called in latin "nostra terra trans silva" the country beyond the forest which later will became Transylvania.
Entering in our territories, they will discover here the Romanian population, organized in counties, having leaders which fight for their lands against the Hungarians. Many informations about this conquest we have from famous hungarians chronicars like Anonymus ( Gesta Hungarorum ) Thuroczi, Kovary Laszlo, Andrea Bonfini ( the secretary of Matia Corvin the famous Hungarian king ) aso.
The fact that the Romanians was here before the hungarians is certified by the Hungarian kings from the XIV-een – XV-een century, when certifiying the possession of some Romanians those kings will say that those possesions belong to the Romanians since the time of the “saint Hungarians kings and before them” which it means that the Romanians was here before the year 1000 when appear the first saint Hungarian king , King Stephen The Saint and before him. Problem solved. !
Coming back to the Romanian language we can say that the sintaxys and morphologie are latin and the base of the words the same, only 10% from the words have Slavic origin and under 5% another origins like Turkish, german, Hungarian.
In this way, we demonstrate how are the latins the first ethnic and linguvistic group of Transylvania.