Romanian Music

Romanian Music

Posted on 2017-02-03    Category Culture

This is an articol about the Romanian Music. The romanian musical culture have important representants at le world level.  Two of them , George Enescu and Ciprian Porumbescu are, maybe, the most famous representats of the cult music of Romania. Both of them has made immortal compositions of classical music.

Also romanian music it is the traditional folkloric music.  A richness of our country, the folkloric music it speaks about our joy and pain. Some examples you can check here:  - calusarii - Nicolae Furdui Iancu ( Transylvania ) - Sofia Vicoveanca ( Moldova )


 The first composition which I invite you to listen it is called "Romanian Rhapsody" and the author is George Enescu, known in France as Georges Enesco, was a Romanian composer, violinist, pianist,  conductor , and teacher.

He is regarded by many as Romania's most important musician. Many of Enescu's works were influenced by Romanian folk music, his most popular compositions being the two Romanian Rhapsodies (1901–1902), Romanian Rhapsody  the opera Oedip (1936), and the suites for orchestra. He also wrote five symphonies (two of them unfinished), a symphonic poem, Vox Maris, and much chamber music (three sonatas for violin and piano, two for cello and piano, a piano trio, two string quartets and two piano quartets, a wind  decet (French, "dixtuor"), anoctet for strings , a piano quintet, and a chamber symphony for twelve solo instruments).

A young Ravi Shankar  recalled in the 1960s how Enescu, who had developed a deep interest in Oriental music, rehearsed with Shankar's brother Uday Shankar  and his musicians. Around the same time, Enescu took the young Yehudi Menuhin   to the Colonial Exhibition in Paris  , where he introduced him to the Gamelan  Orchestra from Indonesia.

On 8 January 1923 he made his American debut as a conductor in a concert given by the Philadephia Orchestra at Carnegie Hall in New York City, and he subsequently made frequent returns to the United States. It was in America, in the 1920s, that Enescu was first persuaded to make recordings as a violinist. He also appeared as a conductor with many American orchestras, and in 1936 he was one of the candidates considered to replace Arturo Toscanini  as permanent conductor of the New York Philharmonic. In 1932, Enescu was elected a titular member of the Romanian Academy . In 1935, he conducted the Orchestre Symphonique de Paris   and Yehudi Menuhin (who had been his pupil for several years starting in 1927) in Mozart's Violin Concerto No. 3 in G major. He also conducted the New York Philarmonic  between 1937 and 1938. In 1939 he married Maria Rosetti (known as the Princess Cantacuzino through her first husband Mihail Cantacuzino), a good friend of Queen Marie of Romania. While staying in Bucharest, Enescu lived in the Cantacuzino Palace on Caea Victoriei in Bucharest  (now the George Enescu Museum, dedicated to his work).

He lived in Paris and in Romania, but after World War II and the Soviet control over the Eastern Europe, he remained in Paris.

He was also a noted violin teacher. Yehudi Menuhin,  ,Christian Ferras, Ivry Gitlis, Arthur Grumiaux, Serge Blanc, Ida Haendel, Uto Ughi and Joan Field, were among his pupils.  He promoted contemporary Romanian music, playing works of Constantin Silvestri, Mihail Jora, Ionel Perlea,  and Marţian Negrea.

Enescu considered Bach's Sonatas and Partitas for solo violin  as the "Himalayas of violinists". An annotated version of this work brings together the indications of Enescu regarding sonority, phrasing, tempos, musicality, fingering and expression.

On his death in 1955, George Enescu was interred in Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris.

The next important romanian composer is Ciprian Porumbescu.  He was among the most celebrated Romanian composers of his time; his popular works include Crai nou,( New Moon )  Trei Culori ( Three Colours) , Song for the 1st of May, Ballad for violin and piano, and Serenada.
In addition, he composed the music for Pe-al nostru steag e scris Unire, which was used for Albania`s national anthem.
His work spreads over various forms and musical genres, but the majority of his work is choral and operetta.
Here we selcted the composition Ballad for violin and piano.
At the end I will invite you to listen the performance of one of the best singers from Brasov Opera House. Valentina Margaras soprano and Adrian MArcan baritone. - Valentina Margaras soprano of Opera House from Brasov in Traviata - Adrian Marcan - baritone Opera Brasov


george enescu
ciprian porumbescu